The National Low Income Housing Coalition, NLIHC, recently released The Gap 2019 Report. The data confirms that the U.S. has a shortage of seven million rental homes affordable and available to extremely low-income renters, whose household incomes are at or below the poverty guideline or 30% of their area median income.
Extremely low-income renters face a shortage in every state and major metropolitan area, including the District of Columbia. Among states, the supply of affordable and available rental homes ranges from only 19 for every 100 extremely low-income renter households in Nevada to 66 in Wyoming.
Among the 50 largest metropolitan areas in the U.S, the supply ranges from 13 affordable and available rental homes for every 100 extremely low-income renter households in Orlando, FL to 51 in Pittsburgh, PA.
A majority of extremely low-income renters are severely housing cost-burdened in every state. The states with the greatest percentage of extremely low-income renter households with severe cost burdens are
- Florida (80%),
- Nevada (79%),
- Arizona (78%),
- California (76%), and
- Colorado (76%).
Maine has the smallest, but still significant, percentage of extremely low-income renters with severe cost burdens (53%).
Every major metropolitan area in the U.S. has a shortage of affordable and available rental homes for extremely low-income renters (Table 1 and Appendix B). Of the 50 largest metropolitan areas, extremely low-income renters face the most severe shortages in
- Orlando, FL, with 13 affordable and available rental homes for every 100 extremely low-income renter households,
- Las Vegas, NV (14/100),
- Riverside, CA (17/100),
- Los Angeles, CA (18/100), and
- Houston, TX (19/100).